Snakes on Crete
European Ratsnake (Zamenis Situla) – Non-venomous
The European Ratsnake is a very shy snake. You can see them on cooler, but sunny, days lying on the road in the evening. The roads are still warm from the afternoon sun, and the snakes are warming up.
More often than not, they’ll be dead, having been driven over. They have a red pattern, and grow up to 60-80cm long. All snakes on Crete with red colouring belong to this species.
Dice Snake (Natrix Tessellata) – Non-venomous
Another shy snake, the dice snake grows up to 90cm long, and has a brown or grey colouring. They need to be near to a source of water. Dice snakes are more or less rare on Crete.
Green Whip Snake (Columber Gomonensis) – Non-venomous
This snake isn’t so rare as other species of snake living on Crete. They grow to 1m long, with a brown colouring and are not afraid to bite. Be careful during the breeding season (spring to early summer): this is the most common time for them to attack.
I know at least two people who got bitten. Often they will bite several times in a couple of seconds. Though the bites are painful, they are, thankfully, non-venomous. Nevertheless, should you get bitten, it’s a good idea to see the doctor in case the wounds get infected. Green whip snakes grow up to 2m long.
European Cat Snake (Telescopus Fallax) – Venomous, but not too dangerous for humans
Cat snakes on Crete usually have a grey back
with a red-yellow belly. As with most Cretan snakes, they grow to 1m long.
Despite these snakes being venomous, you do not need to feel too much fear of
them, for several reasons: